时间:2022-07-02 22:41:59

1.Difference between shallow copy and deep copy?

浅复制 只拷贝地址 不拷贝地址指向的对象

深复制 拷贝地址 并且指向拷贝的新对象

2.What is advantage of categories? What is difference between implementing a category and inheritance?

categories: 在不影响或修改原来的类别或模组的情况下去修改原有的功能,增加新的功能

3.Difference between categories and extensions?

categories: 在不影响或修改原来的类别或模组的情况下去修改原有的功能,增加新的功能

4.Difference between protocol in objective c and interfaces in java?

暂时觉得它们是一样的 protocol 可以被继承 interfaces 不可以

在java 中的interfaces 在 objective-c 中就是 protocol

在java 中的 class 在 objective-c 中就是 interface

5.What are KVO and KVC?


一个对象拥有某些属性。比如说,一个 Person 对象有一个 name 和一个 address 属性。以 KVC 说法,Person 对象分别有一个 value 对应他的 name 和 address 的 key。 key 只是一个字符串,它对应的值可以是任意类型的对象。从最基础的层次上看,KVC 有两个方法:一个是设置 key 的值,另一个是获取 key 的值。如下面的例子:

  1. void changeName(Person *p, NSString *newName)
  2. {
  3. // using the KVC accessor (getter) method
  4. NSString *originalName = [p valueForKey:@"name"];
  5. // using the KVC  accessor (setter) method.
  6. [p setValue:newName forKey:@"name"];
  7. NSLog(@"Changed %@'s name to: %@", originalName, newName);
  8. }

现在,如果 Person 有另外一个 key 配偶(spouse),spouse 的 key 值是另一个 Person 对象,用 KVC 可以这样写:

  1. void logMarriage(Person *p)
  2. {
  3. // just using the accessor again, same as example above
  4. NSString *personsName = [p valueForKey:@"name"];
  5. // this line is different, because it is using
  6. // a "key path" instead of a normal "key"
  7. NSString *spousesName = [p valueForKeyPath:@""];
  8. NSLog(@"%@ is happily married to %@", personsName, spousesName);
  9. }

Key-Value Observing (KVO) 建立在 KVC 之上,它能够观察一个对象的 KVC key path 值的变化。举个例子,用代码观察一个 person 对象的 address 变化,以下是实现的三个方法:

  • watchPersonForChangeOfAddress: 实现观察
  • observeValueForKeyPath:ofObject:change:context: 在被观察的 key path 的值变化时调用。
    1. @implementation PersonWatcher
    2. -(void) watchPersonForChangeOfAddress:(Person *)p
    3. {
    4. // this begins the observing
    5. [p addObserver:self
    6. forKeyPath:@"address"
    7. options:0
    9. // keep a record of all the people being observed,
    10. // because we need to stop observing them in dealloc
    11. [m_observedPeople addObject:p];
    12. }
    13. // whenever an observed key path changes, this method will be called
    14. - (void)observeValueForKeyPath:(NSString *)keyPath
    15. ofObject:(id)object
    16. change:(NSDictionary *)change
    17. context:(void *)context
    18. {
    19. // use the context to make sure this is a change in the address,
    20. // because we may also be observing other things
    21. if(context == KVO_CONTEXT_ADDRESS_CHANGED) {
    22. NSString *name = [object valueForKey:@"name"];
    23. NSString *address = [object valueForKey:@"address"];
    24. NSLog(@"%@ has a new address: %@", name, address);
    25. }
    26. }
    27. -(void) dealloc;
    28. {
    29. // must stop observing everything before this object is
    30. // deallocated, otherwise it will cause crashes
    31. for(Person *p in m_observedPeople){
    32. [p removeObserver:self forKeyPath:@"address"];
    33. }
    34. [m_observedPeople release];
    35. m_observedPeople = nil;
    36. [super dealloc];
    37. }
    38. -(id) init;
    39. {
    40. if(self = [super init]){
    41. m_observedPeople = [NSMutableArray new];
    42. }
    43. return self;
    44. }
    45. @end

    这就是 KVO 的作用,它通过 key path 观察对象的值,当值发生变化的时候会收到通知。

6.What is purpose of delegates?

7.What are mutable and immutable types in Objective C?

8.When we call objective c is runtime language what does it mean?

9.what is difference between NSNotification and protocol?

10.What is push notification?




13.What is responder chain?

14.Difference between frame and bounds?

15.Difference between method and selector?

16.Is there any garbage collection mechanism in Objective C.?

17.NSOperation queue?

18.What is lazy loading?

19.Can we use two tableview controllers on one viewcontroller?

20.Can we use one tableview with two different datasources? How you will achieve this?

21.What is advantage of using RESTful webservices?

22.When to use NSMutableArray and when to use NSArray?

23.What is the difference between REST and SOAP?

24.Give us example of what are delegate methods and what are data source methods of uitableview.

25.How many autorelease you can create in your application? Is there any limit?

26.If we don’t create any autorelease pool in our application then is there any autorelease pool already provided to us?

27.When you will create an autorelease pool in your application?

28.When retain count increase?

29.Difference between copy and assign in objective c?

30.What are commonly used NSObject class methods?

31.What is convenience constructor?

32.How to design universal application in Xcode?

33.What is keyword atomic in Objective C?

34.What are UIView animations?

35.How can you store data in iPhone applications?

36.What is coredata?

37.What is NSManagedObject model?

38.What is NSManagedobjectContext?

39.What is predicate?

40.What kind of persistence store we can use with coredata?