Nodejs创建https服务器(Windows 7)

时间:2022-01-08 18:44:36


  1. 生成OpenSSL证书
  2. 使用Nodejs的https模块建立服务器

OpenSSL 证书

我机子Windows 7,安装了Cygwin,里面安装了openssl,我用它来生成https服务器需要的证书文件。

1. 生成私钥key文件

$ openssl genrsa -out privatekey.pem 1024

Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus
e is 65537 (0x10001)

2. 通过私钥生成CSR证书签名

$ openssl req -new -key privatekey.pem -out certrequest.csr

You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:CN
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:ShanXi
Locality Name (eg, city) []:Xian
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:foruok
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:foruok
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:foruok
Email Address [] Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:
An optional company name []:

3. 通过私钥和证书签名生成证书文件

$ openssl x509 -req -in certrequest.csr -signkey privatekey.pem -out certification.pem

Signature ok
Getting Private key

Nodejs https 服务器示例


const https = require('https');
const fs = require('fs'); const options = {
key: fs.readFileSync('./privatekey.pem'),
cert: fs.readFileSync('./certification.pem')
}; https.createServer(options, (req, res) => {
res.end('hello world\n');

执行 node httpsdemo.js,然后在Chrome里访问access。结果如下:

Nodejs创建https服务器(Windows 7)


Nodejs创建https服务器(Windows 7)